Canada

General Facts

  • Population: 35,099,836 (2015)
  • Language: English & French (official)
  • Total Area: 9,984,670 km2
  • Coastline: 202,080 km
  • Time Zone: UTC-5 (Eastern Time Zone – Toronto) | Note: Canada is divided into 6 different time zones – from UTC-8 to UTC-3.5)
  •  Ethnic Groups: Canadian 32.2% | English 19.8% | French 15.5% | Scottish 14.4% | Irish 13.8% | German 9.8% | Italian 4.5% | Chinese 4.5% | American Indian 4.2% | Others 50.9% (2011 est)
  • Legal System: Common Law system except in Quebec, where civil law based on the French civil code prevails
  • Capital: Ottawa
  • Largest Cities: Toronto (population: 5.99 million) | Montreal (population: 3.99 million) | Vancouver (population: 2.485 million) | Calgary (population: 1.34 million) | Ottawa (population: 1.33 million) | Edmonton (population: 1.27 million)
  • Government Type: federal parliamentary democracy (Parliament of Canada) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm
  • Head of State: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General David JOHNSTON (since 1 October 2010)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau (since November 2015)

Economic Facts

  • GDP: USD 1.632 trillions (2015)
  • Currency: CAD – Canadian Dollars
  • Main Agriculture Products: Wheat | Barley | Oilseed | Tobacco | Fruits | Vegetables | Dairy Products | Fish | Forest Products
  • Main Industries: Transportation Equipment | Chemicals | Processed and Unprocessed Minerals | Food Products | Wood and Paper Products | Fish Products | Petroleum | Natural Gas
  • Main Natural Resources: Iron Ore | Nickel | Zinc | Copper | Gold | Lead | Rare Earth Elements | Molybdenum | Potash | Diamonds | Silver | Fish | Timber | Wildlife | Coal | Petroleum | Natural Gas | Hydropower
  • Total Exports: USD 428.3 billion (2015)
  • Total Imports: USD 440.9 billion (2015)