About Brazil

Important Facts

General Facts

  • Population: 211.8 million
  • Language: Brazilian Portuguese (official and main language)
  • Total Area: 8,515,770 km2
  • Coastline: 7,491 km
  • Time Zone: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Toronto during Standard Time) | Note: Brazil is divided into three time zones, including one for the  Fernando de Noronha islands
  •  Ethnic Groups: white 47.7% | mulatto (mixed white and black) 43.1% | black 7.6% | other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 1.1% | indigenous 0.4% (2010 est.)
  • Legal System: Civil Law
  • Capital: Brasilia
  • Largest Cities:
  • Sao Paulo (population: 12,325,920) | Rio de Janeiro (population: 6,747,815) | Belo Horizonte (population: 2,521,564) | Brasilia (population: 3,055,149) | Fortaleza (population: 2,686,612)
  • Chief of State: Jair Bolsonaro (2019 – 2022)
  • Elections: Next presidential elections to be held October 2022

Economic Facts

  • GDP: USD 1.690 Billion (estimated 2020)
  • Currency: BRL – Brazilian Real
  • Main Agriculture Products:  Coffee |  Soybeans |  Wheat |  Rice |  Corn |  Sugarcane |  Cocoa | Citrus |  Beef |  Poultry | Timber | Cotton | Tobacco.
  • Main Industries: Textiles |  Chemicals | Cement | Lumber | Iron ore | Tin | Steel | Aircraft | Motor Vehicles and Parts | Footwear.
  • Main Natural Resources: Bauxite | Gold | Iron ore | Manganese | Nickel | Phosphates | Platinum | Tin | Rare Earth Elements | Uranium | Petroleum | Hydropower | Timber | Granite.
  • Total Exports: USD 19.6 billion (Est. July 2020)
  • Total Imports: USD 11.5 billion (Est. July 2020)

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